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Full Form Of OBC | OBC Full Form | Full Form Of OBC Caste

Full Form Of OBC | OBC Full Form | Full Form Of OBC Caste:- Other Backward Class. OBC stands for Other Backward Class. It is a classification by the Government of India to aid the classes apart from SC and ST to assist their overall development.


Full Form Of OBC:- Other Backward Class / अन्य पिछड़ा वर्ग(Hindi)


OBC is one of several official categorizations of the population of India, along with Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SCs and STs).

OBC Means Other Backward Caste. OBC are those which are considered backward with respect to other castes. they are recognized by both central govt. and state govt and provided privilege of reservation in various competitive exams.


Full Form Of OBC | OBC Full Form | Full Form Of OBC Caste

OBC (Other Backward Class) is a collective term used by the Govt of India to classify castes which are educationally or economically disadvantaged. OBC’s were found to consist 52% of the country’s population by the Mandal Commission report of 1980, a figure which had decreased to 41% by 2006 when the National Sample Survey Organisation took place. There is significant debate over the exact number of OBC’s in India. OBC’s is generally estimated to be sizable, but many believe that it is lower than the figures quoted by either the Mandal Commission or the National Sample Survey.

In the Indian Constitution, OBCs are described as “socially and educationally backward classes”, and the Govt of India is enjoined to ensure their social and educational development. For example, the OBCs are entitled to 27% reservations in PSE (public sector employment) and higher education. RTI data showed in 2k15 that in spite of these 27% reservations in jobs, only less than 12% OBCs are in these jobs. As of 2k15, in educational institutes also funds meant for OBC student reservation policy are not used properly. According to a report by Commission for Sub-categorization of OBC sub-castes in Dec 2018, 97% of all jobs and admissions reserved at the Central level for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) go to 25% of all sub-castes categorize as OBCs, while 37 percent of the total OBC castes have zero representation.

A separate Ministry of Welfare was established in 1985 (renamed in 1998 to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment) to attend to matters relating to SC (Scheduled Castes), ST (Scheduled Tribes), and OBCs.

Distribution of Population of each religion by caste 
Religion SCs STs OBCs General
Hinduism 22.2% 5% 42.8% 26%
Islam 0.0% 0.5% 39.2% 59.5%
Christianity 0.0% 23.8% 41.3% 39.7%
Sikhism 19.1% 0.9% 2.4% 77.5%
Jainism 0.0% 2.6% 3.0% 94.3%
Buddhism 89.5% 7.4% 0.4% 2.7%
Zoroastrianism 0.0% 15.9% 13.7% 70.4%
Others 2.6% 82.5% 6.25 8.7%
Total 19.7% 8.5% 41.1% 30.8%

Under Article 340 of the Indian Constitution, it is obligatory for the govt to promote the welfare of the OBCs.


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